Entitled: AN ACT DEFINING AND PENALIZING GENDER-BASED STREET AND PUBLIC SPACES HARASSMENT, EXPANDING THE DEFINITION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT, AND AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7877, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES [ SECOND REGULAR SESSION, 17TH CONGRESS ] [ 2017 ] 8/16/2017 Prepared and submitted jointly by the Committee(s) on WOMEN, CHILDREN, FAMILY RELATIONS AND GENDER EQUALITY; CIVIL SERVICE, GOVERNMENT REORGANIZATION AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION; LABOR, EMPLOYMENT AND HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT; and JUSTICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS with Senator(s) RISA HONTIVEROS and GRACE L. POE as author(s) per Committee Report No. 156, recommending its approval in substitution of SBNos. 1250, 1254 and 1326; 8/22/2017 Committee Report Calendared for Ordinary Business; 8/22/2017 Sponsor: Senator RISA HONTIVEROS; 8/22/2017 Transferred from the Calendar for Ordinary Business to the Calendar for Special Order; 8/22/2017 Sponsorship speech of Senator RISA HONTIVEROS; 8/22/2017 Senator JOEL VILLANUEVA was made a co-author; [ SECOND REGULAR SESSION, 17TH CONGRESS ] [ 2018 ] 3/6/2018 Letter from Senator LEILA M. DE LIMA dated February 28, 2018, conveying her intention to be made coauthor of SBN-1558, received by the LBIS; [ THIRD REGULAR SESSION ] 8/1/2018 Interpellation of Senate President VICENTE C. SOTTO III; 9/18/2018 Interpellation of Senate President VICENTE C. SOTTO III and Senator FRANKLIN M. DRILON; 10/1/2018 Period of interpellation closed; 10/3/2018 Period of committee amendments closed; 10/3/2018 Period of individual amendments; 10/3/2018 Period of individual amendments closed; 10/3/2018 Approved on Second Reading with Amendments; 10/4/2018 Printed copies were distributed to the Senators; 10/8/2018 Approved on Third Reading; 10/8/2018 In favor: (21) JUAN EDGARDO "SONNY" M. ANGARA, PAOLO BENIGNO "BAM" AQUINO IV, MARIA LOURDES NANCY S. BINAY, FRANKLIN M. DRILON, JOSEPH VICTOR G. EJERCITO, FRANCIS "CHIZ" G. ESCUDERO, SHERWIN T. GATCHALIAN, GREGORIO B. HONASAN II, RISA HONTIVEROS, PANFILO M. LACSON, LOREN B. LEGARDA, EMMANUEL "MANNY" D. PACQUIAO, FRANCIS N. PANGILINAN, AQUILINO KOKO III L. PIMENTEL, GRACE L. POE, RALPH G. RECTO, VICENTE C. SOTTO III, ANTONIO "SONNY" F. TRILLANES, JOEL VILLANUEVA, CYNTHIA A. VILLAR and JUAN MIGUEL F. ZUBIRI; 10/8/2018 Against: (None) ; 10/8/2018 Abstention: (None) ; FINAL TITLE: AN ACT DEFINING AND PENALIZING STREET SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND PUBLIC SPACES HARASSMENT, EXPANDING THE DEFINITION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT, AND AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7877, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. 10/9/2018 Sent to the House of Representatives requesting for concurrence; [ 2019 ] 1/22/2019 Senate designated Senators Hontiveros, Binay, Poe, Gatchalian and Trillanes IV as conferees to the Bicameral Conference Committee on the disagreeing provisions of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794; 2/4/2019 House of Representatives designated Representatives Herrera-Dy, Rocamora, Villarin, Lagman, De Jesus and Antonio as its conferees to the Bicameral Conference Committee on the disagreeing provisions of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794 on January 29, 2019; 2/6/2019 Conference Committee Report on the disagreeing provisions of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794, submitted to the Senate, recommending that SBN-1558, in consolidation with HBN-8794, be approved in accordance with the attached copy of the bill as reconciled and approved by the conferees; FINAL TITLE: AN ACT DEFINING GENDER-BASED SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN STREETS, PUBLIC SPACES, ONLINE, WORKPLACES, AND EDUCATIONAL OR TRAINING INSTITUTIONS, PROVIDING PROTECTIVE MEASURES AND PRESCRIBING PENALTIES THEREFOR. 2/6/2019 Sponsorship speech on the Conference Committee Report of Senator RISA HONTIVEROS; 2/6/2019 Conference Committee Report Approved by the Senate; 2/7/2019 Conference Committee Report Approved by the House of Representatives on February 6, 2019; (See: O.B. dated June 4, 2019) 3/6/2019 Letter from Senate Secretary Atty. Myra Marie D. Villarica, dated March 4, 2019, transmitting nine (9) enrolled copies of the consolidated version of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794, for the signature of Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Acting Secretary General of the House of Representatives, Mr. Dante Roberto P. Maling; 3/20/2019 Letter for Senate Secretary Myra Marie D. Villarica, dated March 19, 2019, returning eight (8) enrolled copies of the consolidated version of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794, which were signed by Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and the Acting Secretary General of the House of Representatives, Mr. Dante Roberto P. Maling; 3/21/2019 Enrolled copies of the consolidated version of SBN-1558 and HBN-8794, sent to the Office of the President of the Philippines through PLLO for the signature and approval of His Excellency, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte; 6/30/2019 Approved and signed into law, in consolidation with HBN-8794, by the President of the Philippines, His Excellency, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte on April 17, 2019 and became (Communication received by the LBIS on July 16, 2019) 6/30/2019 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 11313. (See: O.B. dated August 19, 2019, 18th Congress) (The legislative history/plenary deliberations is prepared by the INDEXING, MONITORING AND LIS SECTION, LEGISLATIVE BILLS AND INDEX SERVICE; The data entry on committee meetings is prepared by the Committee Affairs Bureau)
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115 OG No. 31, 8203 (August 5, 2019)
[ REPUBLIC ACT NO. 11313, April 17, 2019 ]
AN ACT DEFINING GENDER-BASED SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN STREETS, PUBLIC SPACES, ONLINE, WORKPLACES, AND EDUCATIONAL OR TRAINING INSTITUTIONS, PROVIDING PROTECTIVE MEASURES AND PRESCRIBING PENALTIES THEREFOR
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
SECTION 1. Short Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Safe Spaces Act".
SEC. 2. Declaration of Policies. - It is the policy of the State to value the dignity of every human person and guarantee full respect for human rights. It is likewise the policy of the State to recognize the role of women in nation-building and ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men. The State also recognizes that both men and women must have equality, security and safety not only in private, but also on the streets, public spaces, online, workplaces and educational and training institutions.
SEC. 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act:
(a) Catcalling refers to unwanted remarks directed towards a person, commonly done in the form of wolf-whistling and misogynistic, transphobic, homophobic, and sexist slurs:
(b) Employee refers to a person, who in exchange for remuneration, agrees to perform specified services for another person, whether natural or juridical, and whether private or public, who exercises fundamental control over the work, regardless of the term or duration of agreement: Provided, That for the purposes of this law, a person who is detailed to an entity under a subcontracting or secondment agreement shall be considered an employee;
(c) Employer refers to a person who exercises control over an employee: Provided, That for the purpose of this Act, the status or conditions of the latter's employment or engagement shall be disregarded:
(d) Gender refers to a set of socially ascribed characteristics, norms, roles, attitudes, values and expectations identifying the social behavior of men and women, and the relations between them;
(e) Gender-based online sexual harassment refers to an online conduct targeted at a particular person that causes or likely to cause another mental, emotional or psychological distress, and fear of personal safety, sexual harassment acts including unwanted sexual remarks and comments, threats, uploading or sharing of one's photos without consent, video and audio recordings, cyberstalking and online identity theft;
(f) Gender identity and/or expression refers to the personal sense of identity as characterized, among others, by manner of clothing, inclinations, and behavior in relation to masculine or feminine conventions. A person may have a male or female identity with physiological characteristics of the opposite sex. in which case this person is considered transgender:
(g) Public spaces refer to streets and alleys, public parks, schools, buildings, malls, bars, restaurants, transportation terminals, public markets, spaces used as evacuation centers, government offices, public utility vehicles as well as private vehicles covered by app-based transport network services and other recreational spaces such as, but not limited to, cinema halls, theaters and spas: and
(h) Stalking refers to conduct directed at a person involving the repeated visual or physical proximity, non-consensual communication, or a combination thereof that cause or will likely cause a person to fear for one's own safety or the safety of others, or to suffer emotional distress.
GENDER-BASED STREETS AND PUBLIC SPACES SEXUAL HARASSMENT
SEC. 4. Gender-Based Streets and- Public Spaces Sexual Harassment. - The crimes of gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment are committed through any unwanted and uninvited sexual actions or remarks against any person regardless of the motive for committing such action or remarks.
Gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment includes catcalling, wolf-whistling, unwanted invitations, misogynistic, transphobic, homophobic and sexist slurs, persistent uninvited comments or gestures on a person's appearance, relentless requests for personal details, statement of sexual comments and suggestions, public masturbation or flashing of private parts, groping, or any advances, whether verbal or physical, that is unwanted and has threatened one's sense of personal space and physical safety ^ and committed in public spaces such as alleys, roads, sidewalks and parks. Acts constitutive of gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment are those performed in buildings, schools, churches, restaurants, malls, public washrooms, bars, internet shops, public markets, transportation terminals or public utility vehicles.
SEC. 5. Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Restaurants and Cafes, Bars and Clubs, Resorts and Water Parks, Hotels and Casinos, Cinemas, Malls, Buildings and- Other Privately-Owned Places Open to the Public. - Restaurants, bars, cinemas, malls, buildings and other privately-owned places open to the public shall adopt a zero-tolerance policy against gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment. These establishments are obliged to provide assistance to victims of gender-based sexual harassment by coordinating with local police authorities immediately after gender-based sexual harassment is reported, making CCTV footage available when ordered by the court, and providing a safe gender-sensitive environment to encourage victims to report gender-based sexual harassment at the first instance.
All restaurants, bars, cinemas and other places of recreation shall install in their business establishments clearly-visible warning signs against gender-based public spaces sexual harassment, including the anti-sexual harassment hotline number in bold letters, and shall designate at least one (1) anti-sexual harassment officer to receive gender-based sexual harassment complaints. Security guards in these places may be deputized to apprehend perpetrators caught in flagrante delicto and are required to immediately coordinate with local authorities.
SEC. 6. Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Public Utility Vehicles. - In addition to the penalties in this Act, the Land Transportation Office (LTO) may cancel the license of perpetrators found to have committed acts constituting sexual harassment in public utility vehicles, and the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) may suspend or revoke the franchise of transportation operators who commit gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment acts. Gender-based sexual harassment in public utility vehicles (PUVs) where the perpetrator is the driver of the vehicle shall also constitute a breach of contract of carriage, for the purpose of creating a presumption of negligence on the part of the owner or operator of the vehicle in the selection and supervision of employees and rendering the owner or operator solidarity liable for the offenses of the employee.
SEC. 7. Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Streets and Public Spaces Committed by Minors. - In case the offense is committed by a minor, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) shall take necessary disciplinary measures as provided for under Republic Act No. 9344, otherwise known as the "Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006".
SEC. 8. Duties of Local Government Units (LGUs). -local government units (LGUs) shall bear primary responsibility in enforcing the provisions under Article I of this Act. LGUs shall have the following duties:
(a) Pass an ordinance which shall localize the applicability of this Act within sixty (60) days of its effectivity;
(b) Disseminate or post in conspicuous places a copy of this Act and the corresponding ordinance;
(c) Provide measures to prevent gender-based sexual harassment in educational institutions, such as information campaigns and anti-sexual harassment seminars;
(d) Discourage and impose fines on acts of gender-based sexual harassment as defined in this Act;
(e) Create an anti-sexual harassment hotline; and
(f) Coordinate with the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) on the implementation of this Act.
SEC. 9. Role of the DILG. - The DILG shall ensure the full implementation of this Act by:
(a) Inspecting LGLTs if they have disseminated or posted in conspicuous places a copy of this Act and the corresponding ordinance:
(b) Conducting and disseminating surveys and studies on best practices of LGUs in implementing this Act; and
(c) Providing capacity-building and training activities to build the capability of local government officials to implement this Act in coordination with the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), the Local Government Academy (LGA) and the Development Academy of the Philippines (DAP).
SEC. 10. Implementing Bodies for Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Streets and Public Spaces. - The Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA), the local units of the Philippine National Police (PNP) for other provinces, and the Women and Children's Protection Desk (WCPD) of the PNP shall have the authority to apprehend perpetrators and enforce the law: Provided, That they have undergone prior Gender Sensitivity Training (GST). The PCW, DILG and Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) shall be the national bodies responsible for overseeing the implementation of this Act and formulating policies that will ensure the strict implementation of this Act.
For gender-based streets and public spaces sexual harassment, the MMDA and the local units of the PNP for the provinces shall deputize its enforcers to be Anti-Sexual Harassment Enforcers (ASHE). They shall be deputized to receive complaints on the street and immediately apprehend a perpetrator if caught in flagranle delicto. The perpetrator shall be immediately brought to the nearest PNP station to face charges of the offense committed. The ASHE unit together with the Women's and Children's Desk of PNP stations shall keep a ledger of perpetrators who have committed acts prohibited under this Act for purposes of determining if a perpetrator is a firsMime, second-time or third-time offender. The DILG shall also ensure that all local government bodies expedite the receipt and processing of complaints by setting up an Anti-Sexual Harassment Desk in all barangay and city halls and to ensure the set-up of CCTVs in major roads, alleys and sidewalks in their respective areas to aid in the filing of cases and gathering of evidence. The DILG, the DSWD in coordination with the Department of Health (DOH) and the PCW shall coordinate if necessary to ensure that victims are provided the proper psychological counseling support services.
SEC. 11. Specific Acts and Penalties for Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Streets and Public Spaces. - The following acts are unlawful and shall be penalized as follows:
(a) For acts such as cursing, wolf-whistling, catcalling, leering and intrusive gazing, taunting, pursing, unwanted invitations, misogynistic, transpbobic, homophobic, and sexist slurs, persistent unwanted comments on one's appearance, relentless requests for one's personal details such as name, contact and social media details or destination, the use of words, gestures or actions that ridicule on the basis of sex, gender or sexual orientation, identity and/or expression including sexist, homophobic, and transphobic statements and slurs, the persistent telling of sexual jokes, use of sexual names, comments and demands, and any statement that has made an invasion on a person's personal space or threatens the person's sense of personal safety -
(1) The first offense shall be punished by a fine of One thousand pesos (P 1,000.00) and community service of twelve (12) hours inclusive of attendance to a Gender Sensitivity Seminar to be conducted by the PNP in coordination with the LGU and the PCW;
(2) The second offense shall be punished by arresto menor (6 to 10 days) or a fine of Three thousand pesos (P3.000.00);
(3) The third offense shall be punished by arresto menor (11 to 30 days) and a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P10, 000.00).
(b) For acts such as making offensive body gestures at someone, and exposing private parts for the sexual gratification of the perpetrator with the effect of demeaning, harassing, threatening or intimidating the offended party including flashing of private parts, public masturbation, groping, and similar lewd sexual actions -
(1) The first offense shall be punished by a fine of Ten thousand pesos (P10.000.00) and community service of twelve (12) hours inclusive of attendance to a Gender Sensitivity Seminar, to be conducted by the PNP in coordination with the LGU and the PCW;
(2) The second offense shall be punished by arresto menor (11 to 30 days) or a fine of Fifteen thousand pesos (P15.000.00):
(3) The third offense shall be punished by arresto mayor (1 month and 1 day to 6 months) and a fine of Twenty thousand pesos (P20.000.00).
(c) For acts such as stalking, and any of the acts mentioned in Section 11 paragraphs (a) and (b), when accompanied by touching, pinching or brushing against the body of the offended person; or any touching, pinching, or brushing against the genitalia, face, arms, anus, groin, breasts, inner thighs, face, buttocks or any part of the victim's body even when not accompanied by acts mentioned in Section 11 paragraphs (a) and (b) -
(1) The first offense shall be punished by arresto menor (11 to 30 days) or a fine of Thirty thousand pesos (P30.000.00), provided that it includes attendance in a Gender Sensitivity Seminar, to be conducted by the PNP in coordination with the LGU and the PCW;
(2) The second offense shall be punished by arresto mayor (1 month and 1 day to 6 months) or a fine of Fifty thousand pesos (P50.000.00);
(3) The third offense shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period or a fine of One hundred thousand pesos (P100.000.00).
GENDER-BASED ONLINE SEXUAL HARASSMENT
SEC. 12. Gender-Based Online Sexual Harassment. -Gender-based online sexual harassment includes acts that use information and communications technology in terrorizing and intimidating victims through physical, psychological, and emotional threats, unwanted sexual misogynistic, transphobic, homophobic and sexist remarks and comments online whether publicly or through direct and private messages, invasion of victim's privacy through cyberstalking and incessant messaging, uploading and sharing without the consent of the victim, any form of media that contains photos, voice, or video with sexual content, any unauthorized recording and sharing of any of the victim's photos, videos, or any information online, impersonating identities of victims online or posting lies about victims to harm their reputation, or filing, false abuse reports to online platforms to silence victims.
SEC. 13. Implementing Bodies for Gender-Based Online Sexual Harassment. - For gender-based online sexual harassment, the PNP Anti-Cybercrime Group (PNPACG) as the National Operational Support Unit of the PNP is primarily responsible for the implementation of pertinent Philippine laws on cybercrime, shall receive complaints of gender-based online sexual harassment and develop an online mechanism for reporting real-time gender-based online sexual harassment acts and apprehend perpetrators. The Cybercrime Investigation and Coordinating Center (CICC) of the DICT shall also coordinate with the PNPACG to prepare appropriate and effective measures to monitor and penalize gender-based online sexual harassment.
SEC. 14. Penalties for Gender-Based Online Sexual Harassment. - The penalty of prision correctional in its medium period or a fine of not less than One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) but not more than Five hundred thousand pesos (P500.000.00), or both, at the discretion of the court shall be imposed upon any person found guilty of any gender-based online sexual harassment.
If the perpetrator is a juridical person, its license or franchise shall be automatically deemed revoked, and the persons liable shall be the officers thereof, including the editor or reporter in the case of print media, and the station manager, editor and broadcaster in the case of broadcast media. An alien who commits gender-based online sexual harassment shall be subject to deportation proceedings after serving sentence and payment of fines.
Exemption to acts constitutive and penalized as gender-based online sexual harassment are authorized written orders of the court for any peace officer to use online records or any copy thereof as evidence in any civil, criminal investigation or trial of the crime: Provided, That such written order shall only be issued or granted upon written application and the examination under oath or affirmation of the applicant and the witnesses may produce, and upon showing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that gender-based online sexual harassment has been committed or is about to be committed, and that the evidence to be obtained is essential to the conviction of any person for, or to the solution or prevention of such crime.
Any record, photo or video, or copy thereof of any person that is in violation of the preceding sections shall not be admissible in evidence in any judicial, quasi-judicial, legislative or administrative hearing or investigation.
QUALIFIED GENDER-BASED STREETS, PUBLIC SPACES AND ONLINE SEXUAL HARASSMENT
SEC. 15. Qualified Gender-Based Streets, Public Spaces and Online Sexual Harassment. - The penalty next higher in degree will be applied in the following cases:
(a) If the act takes place in a common carrier or PUV, including, but not limited to, jeepneys, taxis, tricycles, or app-based transport network vehicle services, where the perpetrator is the driver of the vehicle and the offended party is a passenger;
(b) If the offended party is a minor, a senior citizen, or a person with disability (PWD), or a breastfeeding mother nursing her child;
(c) If the offended party is diagnosed with a mental problem tending to impair consent;
(d) If the perpetrator is a member of the uniformed services, such as the PNP and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), and the act was perpetrated while the perpetrator was in uniform; and
(e) If the act takes place in the premises of a government agency offering frontline services to the public and the perpetrator is a government employee.
GENDER-BASED SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE
SEC. 16. Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. - The crime of gender-based sexual harassment in the workplace includes the following;
(a) An act or series of acts involving any unwelcome sexual advances, requests or demand for sexual favors or any act of sexual nature, whether done verbally, physically or through the use of technology such as text messaging or electronic mail or through any other forms of information and communication systems, that has or could have a detrimental effect on the conditions of an individual's employment or education, job performance or opportunities;
(b) A conduct of sexual nature and other conduct-based on sex affecting the dignity of a person, which is unwelcome, unreasonable, and offensive to the recipient, whether done verbally, physically or through the use of technology such as text messaging or electronic mail or through any other forms of information and communication systems;
(c) A conduct that is unwelcome and pervasive and creates an intimidating, hostile or humiliating environment for the recipient: Provided, That the crime of gender-based sexual harassment may also be committed between peers and those committed to a superior officer by a subordinate, or to a teacher by a student, or to a trainer by a trainee: and
(d) Information and communication system refers to a system for generating, sending, receiving, storing or otherwise processing electronic data messages or electronic documents and includes the computer system or other similar devices by or in which data are recorded or stored and any procedure related to the recording or storage of electronic data messages or electronic documents.
SEC. 17. Duties of Employers. — Employers or other persons of authority, influence or moral ascendancy in a workplace shall have the duty to prevent, deter, or punish the performance of acts of gender-based sexual harassment in the workplace. Towards this end, the employer or person of authority, influence or moral ascendancy shall:
(a) Disseminate or post in a conspicuous place a copy of this Act to all persons in the workplace;
(b) Provide measures to prevent gender-based sexual harassment in the workplace, such as the conduct of anti-sexual harassment seminars;
(c) Create an independent internal mechanism or a committee on decorum and investigation to investigate and address complaints of gender-based sexual harassment which shall:
(1) Adequately represent the management, the employees from the supervisory rank, the rank-and-file employees, and the union, if any;
(2) Designate a woman as its head and not less than half of its members should be women;
(3) Be composed of members who should be impartial and not connected or related to the alleged perpetrator;
(4) Investigate and decide on the complaints within ten (10) days or less upon receipt thereof;
(5) Observe due process;
(6) Protect the complainant from retaliation; and
(7) Guarantee confidentiality to the greatest extent possible;
(d) Provide and disseminate, in consultation with all persons in the workplace, a code of conduct or workplace policy which shall:
(1) Expressly reiterate the prohibition on gender-based sexual harassment;
(2) Describe the procedures of the internal mechanism created under Section 17(c) of this Act: and
(3) Set administrative penalties.
SEC. 18. Duties of Employees and Co-Workers. ~ Employees and co-workers shall have the duty to:
(a) Refrain from committing acts of gender-based sexual harassment;
(b) Discourage the conduct of gender-based sexual harassment in the workplace;
(c) Provide emotional or social support to fellow employees, co-workers, colleagues or peers who are victims of gender-based sexual harassment; and
(d) Report acts of gender-based sexual harassment witnessed in the workplace.
SEC. 19. Liability of Employers. - In addition to liabilities for committing acts of gender-based sexual harassment, employers may also be held responsible for:
(a) Non-implementation of their duties under Section 17 of this Act, as provided in the penal provisions; or
(b) Not taking action on reported acts of gender-based sexual harassment committed in the workplace.
Any person who violates subsection (a) of this section, shall upon conviction, be penalized with a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) nor more than Ten thousand pesos (P10,000.00).
Any person who violates subsection (b) of this section, shall upon conviction, be penalized with a fine of not less than Ten thousand pesos (P 10,000.00) nor more than Fifteen thousand pesos (P15.000.00).
SEC. 20. Routine Inspection. - The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) for the private sector and the Civil Service Commission (CSC) for the public sector shall conduct yearly spontaneous inspections to ensure compliance of employers and employees with their obligations under this Act.
GENDER-BASED SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING INSTITUTIONS
SEC. 21. Gender-Based Sexual Harassment in Educational and Training Institutions. — All schools, whether public or private, shall designate an officer-in-charge to receive complaints regarding violations of this Act, and shall ensure that the victims are provided with a gender-sensitive environment that is both respectful to the victims' needs and conducive to truth-telling.
Every school must adopt and publish grievance procedures to facilitate the filing of complaints by students and faculty members. Even if an individual does not want to file a complaint of does not request that the school take any action on behalf of a student or faculty member and school authorities have knowledge or reasonably know about a possible or impending act of gender-based sexual harassment or sexual violence, the school should promptly investigate to determine the veracity of such information or knowledge and the circumstances under which the act of gender-based sexual harassment or sexual violence were committed, and take appropriate steps to resolve the situation. If a school knows or reasonably should know about acts of gender-based sexual harassment or sexual violence being committed that creates a hostile environment, the school must take immediate action to eliminate the same acts, prevent their recurrence, and address their effects.
Once a perpetrator is found guilty, the educational institution may reserve the right to strip the diploma from the perpetrator or issue an expulsion order.
The Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI) of all educational institutions shall address gender-based sexual harassment and online sexual harassment in accordance with the rules and procedures contained in their CODI manual.
SEC. 22. Duties of School Heads. - School heads shall have the following duties:
(a) Disseminate or post a copy of this Act in a conspicuous place in the educational institution;
(b) Provide measures to prevent gender-based sexual harassment in educational institutions, like information campaigns;(c) Create an independent internal mechanism or a CODI to investigate and address complaints of gender-based sexual harassment which shall:
(1) Adequately represent the school administration, the trainers, instructors, professors or coaches and students or trainees, students and parents, as the case may be:
(2) Designate a woman as its head and not less than half of its members should be women;
(3) Ensure equal representation of persons of diverse sexual orientation, identity and/or expression, in the CODI as far as practicable:
(4) Be composed of members who should be impartial and not connected or related to the alleged perpetrator;
(5) Investigate and decide on complaints within ten (10) days or less upon receipt thereof:
(6) Observe due process;
(7) Protect the complainant from retaliation; and
(8) Guarantee confidentiality to the greatest extent possible.
(d) Provide and disseminate, in consultation with all persons in the educational institution, a code of conduct or school policy which shall:
(1) Expressly reiterate the prohibition on gender-based sexual harassment:
(2) Prescribe the procedures of the internal mechanism created under this Act; and
(3) Set administrative penalties.
SEC. 23. Liability of School Heads. - In addition to liability for committing acts of gender-based sexual harassment, principals, school heads, teachers, instructors, professors, coaches, trainers, or any other person who has authority, influence or moral ascendancy over another in an educational or training institution may also be held responsible for:
(a) Non-implementation of their duties under Section 22 of this Act, as provided in the penal provisions; or
(b) Failure to act on reported acts of gender-based sexual harassment committed in the educational institution.
Any person who violates subsection (a) of this section, shall upon conviction, be penalized with a fine of not less than Five thousand pesos (P5.000.00) nor more than Ten thousand pesos (P10,000.00).
Any person who violates subsection (b) of this section, shall upon conviction, be penalized with a fine of not less than Ten thousand pesos (P 10,000.00) nor more than Fifteen thousand pesos (P15,000.00).
SEC. 24. Liability of Students. - Minor students who are found to have committed acts of gender-based sexual harassment shall only be held liable for administrative sanctions by the school as stated in their school handbook.
SEC. 25. Routine Inspection. - The Department of Education (DepEd), the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) shall conduct regular spontaneous inspections to ensure compliance of school heads with their obligations under this Act.
SEC. 26. Confidentiality. - At any stage of the investigation, prosecution and trial of an offense under this Act, the rights of the victim and the accused who is a minor shall be recognized.
SEC. 27. Restraining Order. - Where appropriate, the court, even before rendering a final decision, may issue an order directing the perpetrator to stay away from the offended person at a distance specified by the court, or to stay away from the residence, school, place of employment, or any specified place frequented by the offended person.
SEC. 28. Remedies and Psychological Counselling. - A victim of gender-based street, public spaces or online sexual harassment may avail of appropriate remedies as provided for under the law as well as psychological counselling services with the aid of the LGU and the DSWD, in coordination with the DOH and the PCW. Any fees to be charged in the course of a victim's availment of such remedies or psychological counselling services shall be borne by the perpetrator.
SEC. 29. Administrative Sanctions. - Above penalties are without prejudice to any administrative sanctions that may be imposed if the perpetrator is a government employee.
SEC. 30. Imposition of Heavier Penalties. - Nothing in this Act shah1 prevent LGUs from coming up with ordinances that impose heavier penalties for the acts specified herein.
SEC. 31. Exemptions. - Acts that are legitimate expressions of indigenous culture and tradition, as well as breastfeeding in public shall not be penalized.
SEC. 32. PNP Women and Children's Desks. - The women and children's desks now existing in all police stations shall act on and attend to all complaints covered under this Act. They shall coordinate with ASHE officers on the street, security guards in privately-owned spaces open to the public, and anti-sexual harassment officers in government and private offices or schools in the enforcement of the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 33. Educational Modules and Awareness Campaigns. - The PCW shall take the lead in a national campaign for the awareness of the law. The PCW shall work hand-in-hand with the DILG and duly accredited women's groups to ensure all LGUs participate in a sustained information campaign and the DICT to ensure an online campaign that reaches a wide audience of Filipino internet-users. Campaign materials may include posters condemning different forms of gender-based sexual harassment, informing the public of penalties for committing gender-based sexual harassment, and infographics of hotline numbers of authorities.
All schools shall educate students from the elementary to tertiary level about the provisions of this Act and how they can report cases of gender-based streets, public spaces and online sexual harassment committed against them. School courses shall include age-appropriate educational modules against gender-based streets, public spaces and online sexual harassment which shall be developed by the DepEd, the CHED, the TESDA and the PCW.
SEC. 34. Safety Audits. - LGUs are required to conduct safety audits every three (3) years to assess the efficiency and effectivity of the implementation of this Act within their jurisdiction. Such audits shall be multisectoral and participatory, with consultations undertaken with schools, police officers, and civil society organizations.
SEC. 35. Appropriations. - Such amounts as may be necessary for the implementation of this Act shall be indicated under the annual General Appropriations Act (GAA). National and local government agencies shall be authorized to utilize their mandatory Gender and Development (GAD) budget, as provided under Republic Act No. 9710, otherwise known as "The Magna Carta of Women" for this purpose. In addition, LGUs may also use their mandatory twenty percent (20%) allocation of their annual internal revenue allotments for local development projects as provided under Section 287 of Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the "Local Government Code of 1991".
SEC. 36. Prescriptive Period. - Any action arising from the violation of any of the provisions of this Act shall prescribe as follows:
(a) Offenses committed under Section ll(a) of this Act shall prescribe in one (1) year;
(b) Offenses committed under Section ll(b) of this Act shall prescribe in three (3) years;
(c) Offenses committed under Section ll(c) of this Act shall prescribe in ten (10) years;
(d) Offenses committed under Section 12 of this Act shall be imprescriptible; and
(e) Offenses committed under Sections 16 and 21 of this Act shall prescribe in five (5) years.
SEC. 37. Joint Congressional Oversight Committee. -There is hereby created a Joint Congressional Oversight Committee to monitor the implementation of this Act and to review the implementing rules and regulations promulgated. The Committee shall be composed of five (5) Senators and five (5) Representatives to be appointed by the Senate President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, respectively. The Oversight Committee shall be co-chaired by the Chairpersons of the Senate Committee on Women, Children, Family Relations and Gender Equality and the Hoxise Committee on Women and Gender Equality.
SEC. 38. Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR). — Within ninety (90) days from the effectivity of this Act, the PCW as the lead agency, in coordination with the DILG, the DSWD, the PNP, the Commission on Human Rights (CHR), the DOH, the DOLE, the DepEd, the CHED, the DICT, the TESDA, the MMDA, the LTO. and at least three (3) women's organizations active on the issues of gender-based violence, shall formulate the implementing rules and regulations (IRR) of this Act.
SEC. 39. Separability Clause- — If any provision or part hereof is held invalid or unconstitutional, the remaining provisions not affected thereby shall remain valid and subsisting.
SEC. 40. Repealing Clause. - Any law, presidential decree or issuance, executive order, letter of instruction, administrative order, rule or regulation contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of this Act is hereby repealed, modified or amended accordingly.
SEC. 41. Effectivity. - This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in any two (2) newspapers of general circulation in the Philippines.
(SGD.) GLORIA MACAPAGAL ARROYO
(SGD.) VICENTE C. SOTTO III
This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 1558 and House Bill No. 8794 was passed by the Senate of the Philippines and the House of Representatives on February 6, 2019.
(SGD.) DANTE ROBERTO P. MALING
(SGD.) MYRA MARIE D. VILLARICA
Approved: APR 17 2019
(SGD.) RODRIGO ROA DUTERTE
President of the Philippines
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