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P.B. No. 3397 / 81 OG No. 24, 2524 (June 17, 1985)
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE STABILIZATION AND REGULATION OF, RENTALS OF CERTAIN RESIDENTIAL UNITS FOR OTHER PURPOSES
SECTION 1. Monthly Rentals and Maximum Increases. -
Beginning July 1, 1985 and for a duration of two and a half years
thereafter ending on December 31, 1987, monthly rentals of all
residential units not exceeding four hundred eighty (P480.00) pesos
shall not be increased by the lessor by more than the rates herein
|July 1, 1985 to December 31, 1985
|January 1, 1986 to December 31, 1986
|January 1, 1987 to December 31, 1987
The increases authorized herein shall be cumulative and compounded.
SECTION 2. Definition of Terms. -
(a) Rental - shall mean the amount paid for the use or
occupancy of a residential unit whether payment is made on a monthly or
(b) A Residential Unit - refers to an apartment, house and/or
land on which another's dwelling is located used for residential
purposes and shall include not only buildings, parts or units thereof
used solely as dwelling places, except motels, motel rooms, hotels,
hotel rooms, boarding houses, dormitories, rooms and bedspaces offered
for rent by their owners, but also those used for home industries,
retail stores or other business purposes if the owner thereof and his
family actually live therein and use it principally for dwelling
purposes: Provided, That in the case of a retail store, home industry or
business, the initial capitalization thereof shall not exceed five
thousand pesos (P5,000.00): and Provided, further, That in the operation
of the store, home industry or business, the owner thereof shall not
require the services of any person other than the members of his
(c) Immediate Members of Family of the Lessee or Lessor - for
purposes of repossessing the leased premises, shall be limited to his
or her spouse, direct descendants or ascendants, by consanguinity or
(d) Lessee - shall mean the person renting a residential
(e) Owner/Lessor - shall mean the person who leases or rents
out a residential unit leased to him by an owner.
(f) Sublessor - shall mean the person who leases or rents a
residential unit leased to him by an owner.
(g) Sublessee - shall mean the person who leases or rents a
residential unit from a sublessor.
(h) Assignment of Lease - shall mean that act contemplated in
Article 1649 of the Civil Code of the Philippines.
SECTION 3. Rental and Deposit. - Rental shall be paid in
advance within the first five days of every current month or the
beginning of the lease agreement unless the contract of lease provides
for a later date of payment. The lessor cannot demand any advance rental
but he may ask for a deposit not to exceed one month rental.
SECTION 4. Assignment of Lease or Subleasing. - Assignment
of lease or subleasing of the whole or any portion of the residential
unit, including the acceptance of boarders or bedspacers, without the
written consent of the owner/lessor is prohibited. In case consent is
given by the owner lessor, the sublessor or assignor cannot charge
rentals higher than the rental charged on the property by the
SECTION 5. Grounds for Judicial Ejectment. - Ejectment shall
be allowed on the following grounds:
(a) Assignment of lease or subleasing of residential units in whole
or in part, including the acceptance of boarders or bedspacers, without
the written consent of the owner/lessor.
(b) Arrears in payment of rent for a total of three (3) months: Provided,
That in case of refusal by the lessor to accept payment of the
rental agreed upon, the lessee may either deposit, by way of
consignation, the amount in court, or with the city or municipal
treasurer, as the case may be, or in a bank in the name of and with
notice of the lessor, within one month after the refusal of the lessor
to accept payment.
The lessee shall thereafter deposit the rental within ten days of
every current month. Failure to deposit rentals for three months shall
constitute a ground for ejectment. If an ejectment case is already
pending, the court upon proper motion may order the lessee or any person
or persons claiming under him to immediately vacate the leased premises
without prejudice to the continuation of the ejectment proceedings. At
any time, the lessor may, upon authority of the court, withdraw the
The lessor, upon authority of the court in case of consignation and
upon joint affidavit by him and the lessee to be submitted to the city
or municipal treasurer and to the bank where deposit was made, shall be
allowed to withdraw the deposits.
(c) Legitimate need of owner/lessor to repossess his property for his
own use or for the use of any immediate member of his family as a
residential unit, such owner or immediate member not being the owner of
any other available residential unit within the same city or
municipality: Provided, however, That the lease for a definite
period has expired: Provided, further, That the lessor has
given the lessee formal notice three (3) months in advance of the
lessor's intention to repossess the property: and Provided, finally,
That the owner/lessor is prohibited from leasing the residential
unit or allowing its use by a third party for at least one year.
(d) Absolute ownership by the lessee of another dwelling unit in the
same city or municipality which he may lawfully use as his residence:
Provided That the lessee shall have been formally notified by the lessor
of the intended ejectment three months in advance.
(e) Need of the lessor to make necessary repairs of the leased
premises which is the subject of an existing order of condemnation by
appropriate authorities concerned in order to make the said premises
safe and habitable: Provided, That after said repair, the lessee ejected
shall have the first preference to lease the same premises: Provided,
however, That the new rental shall be reasonably commensurate with the
expenses incurred for the repair of the said residential unit: and Provided,
finally, That if the residential unit is condemned or completely
demolished, the lease of the new building will no longer be subject to
the provision of this Act.
(f) Expiration of the period of the lease contract.
No lessor or his successor-in-interest shall be entitled to eject the
lessee upon the ground that the leased premises has been sold or
mortgaged to a third person regardless of whether the lease or mortgage
is registered or not.
SECTION 6. Application of the Civil Code and Rules of Court of
the Philippines. - Except when the lease is for a definite period,
the provisions of paragraph (1) of Article 1673 of the Civil Code of the
Philippines, insofar as they refer to residential units covered by this
Act, shall be suspended during the effectivity of this Act, but other
provisions of the Civil Code and the Rules of Court on lease contracts,
insofar as they are not in conflict with the provisions of this Act
SECTION 7. Coverage of this Act. - All residential units the
total monthly rental of which does not exceed four hundred eighty pesos
(P480.00) as of the effectivity date of this Act shall be covered
notwithstanding that the monthly rental shall have already exceeded the
four hundred eighty-peso limit as a result of the application of Section
one hereof or by virtue of a contract or agreement of lease perfected
before July 1, 1985: Provided, however, That this Act shall not
be applicable to new residential units constructed or offered for rent
for the first time during its effectivity.
SECTION 8. Penalty Clause. - A fine of not less than two
thousand pesos nor more than five thousand pesos shall be imposed on any
person, natural or juridical, violating Section 1 or Section 4 of this
SECTION 9. Separability Clause. - If for any reason, any
section or provision of this Act is declared unconstitutional or
invalid, the other sections or provisions hereof which are not affected
thereby shall continue in full force and effect.
SECTION 11. Effectivity. - This Act shall take effect
immediately upon its approval and shall remain in force up to December
Approved, June 12, 1985
Source: Supreme Court E-Library