Full Title
Date of Approval
March 10, 1917

Other Details

Issuance Category
Legislative Issuance Type
Major Topic

Official Gazette

Official Gazette Source
Official Gazette vol. 15 no. 14 page 580 (4/4/1917)

Full Text of Issuance

[ Act No. 2710, March 11, 1917 ]



Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Legislature assembled and by the authority of the same:

Section 1. A petition for divorce can only be filed for adultery on the part of the wife or concubinage on the part of the husband, committed in any of the forms described in article four hundred and thirty-seven of the Penal Code.

SEC. 2. No person shall be entitled to a divorce who has not resided in the Philippine Islands for one year prior to the filing of the petition, unless the cause for which the divorce is claimed has taken place in said Islands.

SEC. 3. The divorce may be claimed only by the innocent spouse, provided there has been no condonation of or consent to the adultery or concubinage, as the case may be. Where both spouses are guilty, a divorce can not be claimed by either of them.

SEC. 4. An action for divorce can not be filed except within one year from and after the date on which the plaintiff became cognizant of the cause and within five years from and after the date when such cause occurred; but if such cause occurred prior to the date on which this Act takes effect, then only within one year from and after such date.

SEC. 5. An action for divorce shall in no case be tried before six months shall have elapsed since the filing of the petition.

SEC. 6. After the filing of the petition for divorce, the spouses shall be entitled to live separately from each other and manage their respective property.

The husband shall continue to manage the community property; but if the court deem it proper, it may appoint another to manage said property, in which case the administrator shall have the same rights and duties as a guardian and shall not be allowed to dispose of the income nor of the capital except in accordance with the orders of the court.

SEC. 7. During the pendency of divorce proceedings the court shall make provision for the care of the minor children, in accordance with the circumstances, and may order the community property or the income there from to be set aside for their support; and in default thereof said minor children shall be cared for in conformity with the provisions of the Civil Code; but the court shall abstain from making any order in this respect in case the parents have, by mutual agreement, made provision for the care of said minor children and these are, in the judgment of the court, well cared for.

SEC. 8. A divorce shall not be granted without the guilt of the defendant being established by final sentence in a criminal action.

SEC. 9. The decree of divorce shall dissolve the community of property as soon as such decree becomes final, but shall not dissolve the bonds of matrimony until one year thereafter.

The bonds of matrimony shall not be considered as dissolved with regard to the spouse who, having legitimate children, has not delivered to each of them or to the guardian appointed by the court, within said period of one year, the equivalent of what would have been due to them as their legal portion if said spouse had died intestate immediately after the dissolution of the community of property.

SEC. 10. The reconciliation of the spouses shall stop the proceedings and annul the decree, provided it takes place prior to the expiration of the period of one year mentioned in the last preceding section.

SEC. 11. The dissolution of the bonds of matrimony shall have the following effects:

First. The spouses shall be free to marry again.

Second. The minor children shall remain in the custody of the innocent spouse unless otherwise directed by the court in the interest of said minors, for whom said court may appoint a guardian.

Third. The children shall, with regard to their parents, retain  all rights granted to them by law as legitimate children; but upon the partition of the estate of said parents they shall bring to collation everything received by them under the provisions of the second paragraph of section nine.

SEC. 12. This Act shall take effect on its approval.

Effective, March 11, 1917.




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